Moral appraisals guide intuitive rule determinations

dc.contributor.authorFlanagan, Brian
dc.contributor.authorAlmeida, Guilherme F. C. F. de
dc.contributor.authorStruchiner, Noel
dc.contributor.authorHannikainen, Ivar R.
dc.coverage.cidadeNew Yorkpt_BR
dc.coverage.paisEstados Unidospt_BR
dc.creatorFlanagan, Brian
dc.creatorAlmeida, Guilherme F. C. F. de
dc.creatorStruchiner, Noel
dc.creatorHannikainen, Ivar R.
dc.date.accessioned2024-03-11T18:03:52Z
dc.date.available2024-03-11T18:03:52Z
dc.date.issued2023
dc.description.abstractObjectives: We sought to understand how basic competencies in moral reasoning influence the application of private, institutional, and legal rules. Hypotheses: We predicted that moral appraisals, implicating both outcome-based and mental state reasoning, would shape participants’ interpretation of rules and statutes—and asked whether these effects arise differentially under intuitive and reflective reasoning conditions. Method: In six vignette-based experiments (total N = 2,473; 293 university law students [67% women; age bracket mode: 18–22 years] and 2,180 online workers [60% women; mean age = 31.9 years]), participants considered a wide range of written rules and laws and determined whether a protagonist had violated the rule in question. We manipulated morally relevant aspects of each incident—including the valence of the rule’s purpose (Study 1) and of the outcomes that ensued (Studies 2 and 3), as well as the protagonist’s accompanying mental state (Studies 5 and 6). In two studies, we simultaneously varied whether participants decided under time pressure or following a forced delay (Studies 4 and 6). Results: Moral appraisals of the rule’s purpose, the agent’s extraneous blameworthiness, and the agent’s epistemic state impacted legal determinations and helped to explain participants’ departure from rules’ literal interpretation. Counter-literal verdicts were stronger under time pressure and were weakened by the opportunity to reflect. Conclusions: Under intuitive reasoning conditions, legal determinations draw on core competencies in moral cognition, such as outcome-based and mental state reasoning. In turn, cognitive reflection dampens these effects on statutory interpretation, allowing text to play a more influential role.pt_BR
dc.description.notesProdução vinculada do Insper Conhecimento.pt_BR
dc.format.extentp. 367 – 383pt_BR
dc.format.mediumDigitalpt_BR
dc.identifier.doi10.1037/lhb0000527pt_BR
dc.identifier.issn0147-7307pt_BR
dc.identifier.issn1573-661Xpt_BR
dc.identifier.issue2pt_BR
dc.identifier.urihttps://repositorio.insper.edu.br/handle/11224/6468
dc.identifier.volume47pt_BR
dc.language.isoInglêspt_BR
dc.publisherSpringerpt_BR
dc.publisherAmerican Psychological Associationpt_BR
dc.relation.ispartofLaw and Human Behaviorpt_BR
dc.rights.licenseO INSPER E ESTE REPOSITÓRIO NÃO DETÊM OS DIREITOS DE USO E REPRODUÇÃO DOS CONTEÚDOS AQUI REGISTRADOS. É RESPONSABILIDADE DO USUÁRIO VERIFICAR OS USOS PERMITIDOS NA FONTE ORIGINAL, RESPEITANDO-SE OS DIREITOS DE AUTOR OU EDITOR.pt_BR
dc.titleMoral appraisals guide intuitive rule determinationspt_BR
dc.typejournal article
dspace.entity.typePublication
local.subject.cnpqCiências Sociais Aplicadaspt_BR
local.subject.cnpqMultidisciplinarpt_BR
local.typeArtigo Científicopt_BR
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