Political geography of violence: Municipal politics and homicide in Brazil

dc.contributor.authorMARCELO MARCHESINI DA COSTA
dc.contributor.authorIngram, Matthew C.
dc.coverage.paisNão Informadopt_BR
dc.creatorIngram, Matthew C.
dc.date.accessioned2022-10-14T18:28:16Z
dc.date.available2022-10-14T18:28:16Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.description.notesTexto Completopt_BR
dc.description.otherViolence has harmful effects on individuals and society. This is especially true in Latin America, a region that stands out globally for its high homicide rate. Building on research on subnational politics, democratization, and an inter-disciplinary literature that seeks to understand sources of violence, we examine the effect of municipal politics on homicide rates in Brazil while controlling for conventional sociostructural accounts. Specifically, we test the effect of four key political variables – party identification of mayors, partisan alignment of mayors and governors, electoral competition, and voter participation – and examine the locally varying effect of these variables with geographically weighted regressions (GWR). Our emphasis on political explanations of criminal violence is a rare departure from dominant accounts of violent crime, suggesting comparisons with the literature on political violence, and the spatial approach allows an analysis of the territorially uneven effect of political variables. The results show the statistical significance, direction, and magnitude of key political factors vary substantially across Brazil’s 5562 municipalities, showcasing the uneven effect of predictors of violence across space, and generating new hypotheses regarding the conditional effect of key predictors. In the time period examined (2007– 2012), the largest left party in Brazil, Workers’ Party (PT), had a beneficial effect, reducing violence in large parts of Brazil, the center party that held most local governments (PMDB) had a harmful effect in certain areas of Brazil, and the largest center-right party (PSDB) had mixed effects – helpful in some parts of Brazil and harmful in others. These results help us understand key features of the relationship between Brazilian politics and public security across different parts of the country, illuminating the political geography of violence in the region’s largest country.pt_BR
dc.format.extent15 p.pt_BR
dc.format.mediumDigitalpt_BR
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2019.06.016pt_BR
dc.identifier.issn0305-750Xpt_BR
dc.identifier.issue104592pt_BR
dc.identifier.urihttps://repositorio.insper.edu.br/handle/11224/4293
dc.identifier.volume124pt_BR
dc.language.isoInglêspt_BR
dc.publisherElsevierpt_BR
dc.relation.ispartofWorld Developmentpt_BR
dc.relation.urihttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305750X19301688?via%3Dihubpt_BR
dc.rights.licenseO INSPER E ESTE REPOSITÓRIO NÃO DETÊM OS DIREITOS DE USO E REPRODUÇÃO DOS CONTEÚDOS AQUI REGISTRADOS. É RESPONSABILIDADE DO USUÁRIO VERIFICAR OS USOS PERMITIDOS NA FONTE ORIGINAL, RESPEITANDO-SE OS DIREITOS DE AUTOR OU EDITOR.pt_BR
dc.subject.keywordsHomicidept_BR
dc.subject.keywordsPoliticspt_BR
dc.subject.keywordsSpatial analysispt_BR
dc.subject.keywordsLatin Americapt_BR
dc.subject.keywordsBrazilpt_BR
dc.subject.keywordsMunicipalpt_BR
dc.titlePolitical geography of violence: Municipal politics and homicide in Brazilpt_BR
dc.typejournal article
dspace.entity.typePublication
local.subject.cnpqCiências Humanaspt_BR
local.typeArtigo Científicopt_BR
relation.isAuthorOfPublication7eae3e04-93a7-4fa5-b58b-5d798f212f59
relation.isAuthorOfPublication.latestForDiscovery7eae3e04-93a7-4fa5-b58b-5d798f212f59
Arquivos
Pacote Original
Agora exibindo 1 - 1 de 1
N/D
Nome:
Artigo_2019_Political Geography of violence_TC.pdf
Tamanho:
1.97 MB
Formato:
Adobe Portable Document Format
Descrição:
Artigo_2019_Political Geography of violence_TC
Licença do Pacote
Agora exibindo 1 - 1 de 1
N/D
Nome:
license.txt
Tamanho:
282 B
Formato:
Item-specific license agreed upon to submission
Descrição: