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|Pax monopolista and crime: the case of the emergence of the Primeiro Comando da Capital in São Paulo
Mello, João Manoel Pinho de
Lima, Renato S. de
|Introduction Pax Monopolista is the idea that the domination of illegal markets by a single powerful criminal organization is conducive to pacifcation. Objectives Test the Pax Monopolista hypothesis using the case of Primeiro Comando da Capital (PCC)—a prison gang turned drug trade organization in the city of São Paulo. Methods Diference-in-diference. Using unique data to identify PCC entry in geographi cally well-delimited but socially fragile areas—namely, favelas—we explore variations in the timing of the expansion the PCCacross the city of São Paulo to establish the impact of PCC presence on crime. Results PCC presence is associated with an 11% reduction in violent crime in the favelas that PCC enteredduring the period 2005–2009. No discernible impact on property crime was found. Conclusions Results are compatible with the main theoretical reasons why the monopoli zation of criminalactivity may lead to a reduction in crime.
|Keywords (english terms):
|O INSPER E ESTE REPOSITÓRIO NÃO DETÊM OS DIREITOS DE USO E REPRODUÇÃO DOS CONTEÚDOS AQUI REGISTRADOS. É RESPONSABILIDADE DOS USUÁRIOS INDIVIDUAIS VERIFICAR OS USOS PERMITIDOS NA FONTE ORIGINAL, RESPEITANDO-SE OS DIREITOS DE AUTOR OU EDITOR.
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|R_Artigo_2019_Pax Monopolista and Crime_TC
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