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|State ownership reinvented? Explaining performance differences between state‐owned and private firms
|Lazzarini, Sergio Giovanetti
|Research Question/Issue: This study aims to understand the implications of the corporate governance arrangements in state‐owned enterprises (SOEs) that are publicly listed in terms of firm performance relative to that of private firms. Research Findings/Insights: Using a new database of 477 large, listed SOEs observed between 1997 and 2012 in 66 developed and emerging countries, we use matching techniques to show that these firms do not underperform similar private firms, except when the former face shocks that prioritize their social and political objectives, such as during severe recessions. These findings demonstrate the need to revise existing theories of SOE underperformance. Theoretical/Academic Implications: We expand the traditional agency view of SOEs by introducing principal–principal conflicts that prevail in publicly traded firms. We argue that governments try to steer SOEs to pursue social and political objectives, which can lead to inefficiencies, but they also provide them rents and protection, factors that should lead them to perform as well or better than similar private firms. Thus, our theory of state ownership argues that their advantage or disadvantage over similar private firms cannot be identified from the theory and thus needs an empirical test. Practitioner/Policy Implications: We modify the simplistic view that SOEs are inef ficient and highlight that SOEs that compete with private firms may have advantages that give them a competitive edge. This has implications not only for firm‐level strategy, but also for competition policy worldwide.
|Keywords (english terms):
National‐Level Governance Outcomes
State‐Owned Enterprise (SOE)
|Ciências Sociais Aplicadas
|O INSPER E ESTE REPOSITÓRIO NÃO DETÊM OS DIREITOS DE USO E REPRODUÇÃO DOS CONTEÚDOS AQUI REGISTRADOS. É RESPONSABILIDADE DOS USUÁRIOS INDIVIDUAIS VERIFICAR OS USOS PERMITIDOS NA FONTE ORIGINAL, RESPEITANDO-SE OS DIREITOS DE AUTOR OU EDITOR.
|Appears in Collections:
|Coleção de Artigos Científicos
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|R_Artigo_2018_State Ownership Reinvented_TC.pdf
|R_Artigo_2018_State Ownership Reinvented_TC
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