Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repositorio.insper.edu.br/handle/11224/4596
Type: Artigo Científico
Title: Trade liberalization and the evolution of skill earnings differentials in Brazil
Author: Gonzaga, Gustavo
Menezes Filho, Naercio Aquino
Terra, Cristina
Publication Date: 2006
Abstract: Skilled labor earnings differentials decreased during the trade liberalization implemented in Brazil from 1988 to 1995. This paper investigates the role of trade liberalization in explaining these relative earnings movements. We perform several independent empirical exercises that check the traditional trade transmission mechanism, using disaggregated data on tariffs, prices, earnings, employment and skill intensity. We find that: i) employment shifted from skilled to unskilled intensive sectors, and each sector increased its relative share of skilled labor; ii) relative prices fell in skill-intensive sectors; iii) tariff changes across sectors were not related to skill intensities, but the pass-through from tariffs to prices was larger in skill-intensive sectors; iv) the decline in skilled earnings differentials mandated by the price variation predicted by trade was even larger than the observed one. The results are compatible with trade liberalization accounting for the observed relative earnings changes in Brazil. They also highlight the importance of considering the effects of differentiated pass-through from tariffs to prices.
Keywords (english terms): Skill earnings differentials
Trade liberalization
Tariffs pass-through
Stolper-Samuelson
Language: Inglês
CNPq Area: Ciências Sociais Aplicadas
Copyright: O INSPER E ESTE REPOSITÓRIO NÃO DETÊM OS DIREITOS DE USO E REPRODUÇÃO DOS CONTEÚDOS AQUI REGISTRADOS. É RESPONSABILIDADE DOS USUÁRIOS INDIVIDUAIS VERIFICAR OS USOS PERMITIDOS NA FONTE ORIGINAL, RESPEITANDO-SE OS DIREITOS DE AUTOR OU EDITOR.
Appears in Collections:Coleção de Artigos Científicos

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